Growth Mindset Is Not Enough

News from EDUTOPIA - Fri, 03/24/2017 - 13:32
To help students face life’s challenges, teachers should seek to help them develop a broad set of skills.

Community Walks Create Bonds of Understanding

News from EDUTOPIA - Thu, 03/23/2017 - 19:09
When students lead teachers through their communities, the cultural exchange can have a transformational effect on school culture.

A Farewell to the Coalition of Essential Schools

News from EDUTOPIA - Thu, 03/23/2017 - 16:06
Celebrating the impact and influence of CES—with the people who knew it best.

A Little Help With Your Homework

News from EDUTOPIA - Wed, 03/22/2017 - 18:36
How to guide your students to self-differentiate their homework—without creating more work for yourself.

A Focus on Self-Improvement

News from EDUTOPIA - Wed, 03/22/2017 - 15:34
Five principles of deliberate practice can help teachers consistently improve their teaching.

Anatomy of School Bullying

News from EDUTOPIA - Tue, 03/21/2017 - 21:28
Understanding the hot spots within schools is essential to putting a stop to student bullying.

The Power of Collective Wisdom

News from EDUTOPIA - Tue, 03/21/2017 - 15:25
Networking increases our chance of success in implementing social-emotional and character development programs.

Study proposes fruition as a new attribute of information representation for works of contemporary art

Research Scholarship - Tue, 03/21/2017 - 13:00
It discusses information and art starting from the books of artists, from the collection of the Núcleo de Arte Contemporânea da Paraíba (NAC/UFPB), analyzing the performance of CI through the representation of information, in a collaborative working relationship between professionals. The representation of information could help in the treatment and organization of information, softening the complexity of these objects in the face of their possibilities of abstraction and fruition. … Read More →...

CATOIRA, T., & AZEVEDO NETTO, C. (2016) The importance of a differentiated representation of information for Contemporary Art: Use of fruition as a classification attribute. Transinformação, 28(3), 263-274. DOI: 10.1590/2318-08892016000300002  The importance of a differentiated representation of information for Contemporary Art: Use of fruition as a classification attribute

The Weirdest Animals on Earth: 12 Amazing Facts About Platypuses

Research Scholarship - Tue, 03/21/2017 - 10:04
What IS that? A photo by Stefan Kraft at Wikimedia Commons.1. Platypuses are so strange, that when British scientists first encountered one, they thought it was a joke: A Governor of New South Wales, Australia, sent a platypus pelt and sketch to British scientists in 1798. Even in their first published scientific description of the species, biologists thought that this duck-beaked, beaver-bodied, web-footed specimen may be some Frankenstein-like creation stitched together as a hoax. But this is only the beginning of their oddities…2. Platypuses are egg-laying mammals. Mammals are animals that have a backbone, are warm-blooded, and females produce milk for their young. Most females that nurse their young also carry their developing babies in their bodies and give birth to live young… But platypuses don’t play by those rules. Platypuses are monotremes, egg-laying mammals that include the platypus and four species of echidna. Most female mammals have two functional ovaries, but female platypuses, like most female birds, only have a functional left ovary. Once a year, a female platypus may produce a clutch of two or three small, leathery eggs (similar to reptile eggs), that develop in her uterus for 28 days. Because female platypuses don’t even have a vagina, when the eggs are ready, she lays them through her cloaca, an opening that serves for reproduction, peeing and pooping. (In fact, monotreme comes from the Greek for “one hole”). She then curls around them and incubates them for another 10 days until they hatch. 3. Platypuses sweat milk! Not only do female platypuses not have vaginas, they don’t have nipples either! Instead, lactating mothers ooze milk from pores in their skin, which pools in grooves on their bellies so the babies can lap it up. …And they’re not even embarrassed about it! 4. Adult platypuses are toothless. Baby platypuses (that is the actual technical term for them, by the way… not “puggles”, which would be way more fun) are born with teeth but they lose them around the time that they leave the breeding burrow. In their place are rigid-edged keratinized pads that they use as grinding plates. When they catch their prey (worms, bugs, shrimp, and even crayfish), they store it in their cheek pouches and carry it to the surface, where they use gravel to crush it in their toothless maw.5. The platypus “duck bill” is a sensory organ used to detect electric fields. Muscles and neurons use electrical impulses to function, and these impulses can be detected by electroreceptors. Although common in shark and ray species, electroreception is rare in mammals, only having been discovered in monotremes and the Guiana dolphin. Platypuses have rows of around 40,000 electroreceptors on their highly sensitive bill, which they wave back and forth in the water, much like a hammerhead shark, to determine the location of their prey. It’s a good thing this sense is so sensitive, since they close their eyes, nose and ears every time they dive. 6. Platypuses don’t use their tails like beavers do. Whereas beavers use their large, flat, leathery tails for swimming and slapping the water to send signals, platypuses don’t use their tails for any of that. Platypuses have large, flat tails for storing fat in case of a food shortage. Unlike beaver tails, platypus tails are covered in fur, which the mothers use to snuggle with their incubating eggs.A platypus ankle spur. Photo by E.Lonnon at Wikimedia Commons.7. Male platypuses have venomous ankle spurs. Their venom is strong enough to kill small animals and to create excruciating pain in humans. Since only males have it and they produce more venom during the breeding season, we think its main function may be to compete for mates and breeding territories.8. Platypuses are knuckle-walkers with a reptilian gait. Although they are well-built for swimming with their webbed feet and legs on the sides of their bodies, these traits make it quite awkward to get around on dry land. To walk, they pull in their webbing and walk on their knuckles, exposing their claws. Like reptiles and salamanders, platypuses flex their spines from side-to-side, supported by their sprawling legs. 9. Platypuses have unusually low body temperatures. As unusual as they are, platypuses are still mammals, which are defined, in part, by their ability to generate most of their own body heat with their metabolism. Platypuses do this as well, but whereas most mammals maintain body temperatures between 37-40 degrees C (99-104 degrees F), platypuses are happy with a body temperature of 32 degrees C (90 degrees F). This lower metabolism reduces the amount of calories they need to eat.10. They have no stomach. Stomachs are specialized protein-digesting chambers of digestive tracts that contain protein-digesting enzymes and acids to activate them. Not all animals have them, but most carnivores do. The most common exceptions to this rule are fish… and platypuses. Why? We don’t know for sure, but many of these animals consume diets high in calcium carbonate, which is a natural antacid. If their own diet would constantly neutralize their stomach acid, then the stomach really isn’t going to do them any good anyway.11. They have 10 sex chromosomes! Most mammals have two sex chromosomes, one from each parent. An individual that has two X chromosomes is usually female and an individual that has one X and one Y chromosome is usually male. Thus, female mammals pass along an X chromosome to each offspring and males can pass along an X or a Y. But platypuses are not content to be normal in any way…They have 10 sex chromosomes: 5 from mom and 5 from dad. All 5 chromosomes from mom are Xs, whereas a male sperm either contains 5 Xs or 5 Ys. Birds also have two sex chromosomes, but in birds, individuals with two of the same type are usually male and individuals with different chromosomes are usually female. Their system is called ZW, where the mammalian system is XY. The platypus X chromosome is more similar than the X chromosome of other mammals to the bird Z chromosome.12. The platypus genome is as much of a hodgepodge as its body. Only 80% of the platypus’ genes are like other mammals. Some of their genes have only previously been found in birds, reptiles, fish, or amphibians.To learn about more weird animals, go here.References:...

Scheich, H., Langner, G., Tidemann, C., Coles, R., & Guppy, A. (1986) Electroreception and electrolocation in platypus. Nature, 319(6052), 401-402. DOI: 10.1038/319401a0  Electroreception and electrolocation in platypus

Warren, W., Hillier, L., Marshall Graves, J., Birney, E., Ponting, C., Grützner, F., Belov, K., Miller, W., Clarke, L., Chinwalla, A.... (2008) Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution. Nature, 453(7192), 175-183. DOI: 10.1038/nature06936  Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution

Principal of a School on the Edge

News from EDUTOPIA - Mon, 03/20/2017 - 21:17
The principal of an alternative school opens up about the challenges and rewards of shepherding at-risk kids to graduation.

Disagree With a Student’s Opinion?

News from EDUTOPIA - Mon, 03/20/2017 - 15:16
Our job is to teach students the art of argument and to give feedback on how they express themselves—not what they express.

Research analyzes use of TRS in organizational studies

Research Scholarship - Mon, 03/20/2017 - 13:00
Bibliometric research analyzes the use of Social Representation Theory (SRT) in Organizational Studies (OS). We investigated 90 papers published in journals and scientific events from 2001 to 2014. The results indicate that the use of SRT in OS is incipient, superficial and presents theoretical and methodological inconsistencies. … Read More →...

Martins-Silva, P., Silva Junior, A., Peroni, G., Medeiros, C., & Vitória, N. (2016) Teoria das representações sociais nos estudos organizacionais no Brasil: análise bibliométrica de 2001 a 2014. Cadernos EBAPE.BR, 14(4), 891-919. DOI: 10.1590/1679-395155900  Teoria das representações sociais nos estudos organizacionais no Brasil: análise bibliométrica de 2001 a 2014

Getting Beyond the Teacherpreneur

News from EDUTOPIA - Fri, 03/17/2017 - 15:11
Instead of focusing on individuals, school leaders should work to foster a school-wide culture of innovation. Here’s a way to do that.

Updating an Age-Old Class Activity

News from EDUTOPIA - Thu, 03/16/2017 - 14:19
Personal artifact sharing—aka show-and-tell—is a way to build a healthy classroom environment. Even in high school.

Test Prep Doesn’t Have to Be Overwhelming

News from EDUTOPIA - Wed, 03/15/2017 - 19:57
Help your students use technology and build their confidence—and teach them to speak the tests’ language.

Poetry Across the Curriculum

News from EDUTOPIA - Wed, 03/15/2017 - 13:54
Comparing two poems side by side fosters deep thinking and rich discussion—even in classes beyond English.

New G Suite Apps to Boost Your Effectiveness

News from EDUTOPIA - Tue, 03/14/2017 - 19:10
Google Cast for Education and Screencastify give you new ways to reach all of your students.

Maximizing Your Feedback’s Impact

News from EDUTOPIA - Tue, 03/14/2017 - 16:10
You’ve crafted high-quality feedback. Now here are four tips for helping your students engage with it.

Internationalization as an indicator of journal performance in Brazil: the case of Psychology

Research Scholarship - Tue, 03/14/2017 - 13:30
The path to strengthening scientific publications almost always goes through internationalization. Publishing in English, however, is not enough to reach a truly global audience and indices comparable to the most prestigious journals. A study on the degree of internationalization of Brazilian psychology journals shows how to walk this path. … Read More →...

Fradkin, C. (2017) The Internationalization of Psychology Journals in Brazil: A Bibliometric Examination Based on Four Indices. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), 27(66), 7-15. DOI: 10.1590/1982-43272766201702  The Internationalization of Psychology Journals in Brazil: A Bibliometric Examination Based on Four Indices

Gamba, E., Packer, A., & Meneghini, R. (2015) Pathways to Internationalize Brazilian Journals of Psychology. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 66-71. DOI: 10.1590/1678-7153.20152840010  Pathways to Internationalize Brazilian Journals of Psychology

Menandro, P., Linhares, M., Bastos, A., & Dell'Aglio, D. (2015) The Brazilian Psychology Postgraduate System and the Internationalization Process: Critical Aspects, Evaluation Indicators and Challenges for Consolidation. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 57-65. DOI: 10.1590/1678-7153.2015284009  The Brazilian Psychology Postgraduate System and the Internationalization Process: Critical Aspects, Evaluation Indicators and Challenges for Consolidation

Meneghini, R., & Packer, A. (2007) Is there science beyond English? Initiatives to increase the quality and visibility of non-English publications might help to break down language barriers in scientific communication. EMBO reports, 8(2), 112-116. DOI: 10.1038/sj.embor.7400906  Is there science beyond English? Initiatives to increase the quality and visibility of non-English publications might help to break down language barriers in scientific communication

Meneghini, R. (2013) SciELO, Scientific Electronic Library Online, a Database of Open Access Journals. Higher Learning Research Communications, 3(3), 3. DOI: 10.18870/hlrc.v3i3.153  SciELO, Scientific Electronic Library Online, a Database of Open Access Journals

Mastering Classroom Transitions

News from EDUTOPIA - Mon, 03/13/2017 - 20:01
Move students in and out of class and between activities smoothly to save valuable instruction time.


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